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Seasonality in the antarctic marine environment

first_img1. The Southern Ocean is characterized by the combination of a low but stable temperature with a markedly seasonal pattern of primary production. It therefore offers an environment where the annual variations in temperature and production are uncoupled and it is possible to distinguish the effects of one from the other.2.2. The widely observed slow growth of polar marine ectotherms is not due to a direct limitation by the low temperature. Rather the seasonal pattern of growth in many species, together with the frequent limitation of reproduction to the summer months, indicate that many processes are regulated strictly by the availability of food (that is they are resource limited).3.3. The degree of seasonality in the biology of polar marine organisms varies with their position in the food web. In general, herbivores have highly seasonal life-histories, whereas carnivores, scavengers and higher level predators show less seasonal patterns of growth or reproductionlast_img read more

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Something strange is going on in the rental market

first_imgHome » News » Housing Market » Something strange is going on in the rental market previous nextHousing MarketSomething strange is going on in the rental marketDespite a glut of properties and rising time on the market, asking rents outside London are rising.Nigel Lewis7th July 201702,445 Views National rental market data often throws up curveballs, but the latest Rightmove index is a weird one, to say the least.Despite industry predictions that the rental market would see landlords withdraw as the government’s mortgage interest tax relief regulations increased many of their personal tax bills, the opposite appears to be taking place, Rightmove says.The number of properties available to rent outside London is up 7% year-on-year, and has increased by 8% in London.Properties are also consequently taking longer to rent, 11% longer year-on-year outside the capital and 15% longer inside it.“Many thought that rental supply would constrict this year, as landlords sold up and looked to invest their money elsewhere, but clearly this isn’t happening yet,” says Rightmove’s Head of Lettings Sam Mitchell (pictured, left).“It could spell good news for tenants coming to the end of their lease as they might find there is slightly more choice than last year.”The private rented sectors is a market defying economic logic, too. Despite taking longer to rent, and more properties available to rent, asking rents continue to rise across the UK, although not in London, Rightmove says.Outside London rents are up by 2.8% between the first and second quarters of the year, and have increased by nearly 2% year-on-year. The average annual rent for a property is now £790.Rental marketIn London, asking rents are softening – a situation reflected in other recent rental indexes including the Your Move and Homelet data released over the past few weeks.Rightmove says rents in the capital are down by 3.2% year on year. This, says Sam Mitchell, is because the rush to snap up properties last year by landlords before the extra 3% Stamp Duty was levied on buy-to-let properties has created a glut of rental properties within the market.“Agents and landlords should make sure that they are ahead of the curve in pricing to make sure that they react quickly in a very competitive market,” he says.Rightmove has also revealed the areas of the UK which have the most rental properties available. The list is topped by Ascot followed by Bath, Salford, Newcastle, Leeds, Cambridge, Derby, Birmingham, Cardiff, Aberdeen and Kilburn, in London. Rightmove sam mitchell July 7, 2017Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021last_img read more

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My Morning Jacket Shares New Song, ‘Magic Bullet,’ Inspired By Recent Violence

first_imgWith tensions continuing to heat up in America, the band My Morning Jacket has taken steps towards peace and love with a brand new song. Titled “Magic Bullet,” MMJ sings poignant lines like “There’s got to be a better way” and “Ain’t no way to solve a problem of the streets with an itchy trigger finger.”The band has shared some eloquent words describing the track as well, which you can read below. Here’s “Magic Bullet,” from MMJ…violence is never the answer. only love. we all need to be a part of the discussion. part of the solution. how long will it take before we realize-we are all the same. this is not idealistic dreaming. this is a fact-we all want only to love and be loved. to nuture and protect those we love.hate comes from the illusion that we are separate and cut off fromone another by factors like race and religion but this simply is not true.it does not matter your race/creed/sexual orientation we are all filled with the same beautiful blood- a mix of old and new generations… past present and future…we are all in there somewhere…in the blood lines together…all of humanity.a beautiful mix of male and female and all the colors rolled up into this wonderful gift we call life. a gift that should be celebrated like the beautiful rainbow that it is- not riddled by bullets and cut to pieces spilling and wasting that precious blood.I don’t pretend to think that a song can fix or change the world instantly, and I don’t pretend to know the ins and outs of the political landscape and proper gun control legislation- BUT if we say nothing then nothing will ever change.and things have got to change.so maybe if we all sing out-if we all speak out- for peace. for equality. for justice. for an end to the violence…then perhaps we can together change the world for the better-create a world of true peace, love, and acceptance where our differences are celebrated because we realize they are in fact all just shades of the same wondrous human rainbow.dare to dream. dreams can come true.no one said it better than Dr. King:“Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.”here is a wish from us to you for peace,love, understanding, and an end to the violence.we hope you enjoy this song that basically says there can be a solution… but none of us can do it alone. we have to get together.peace and love,my morning jacketLYRICS:AIN’T NO MAGIC BULLET COME FROM MAGIC SHELL.NO OTHER WAY TO PUT IT. FAR AS I CAN TELL.AIN’T NO WAY TO SOLVE A PROBLEM OF THE STREETS.WITH AN ITCHY TRIGGER FINGER…SERVANT OF DISEASE.I MEAN COME ON…HEAR IT FROM THE PEOPLE. READ IT IN THE PRESS.LEARN IT AT THE STEEPLE. FORGET IT IN DISTRESS.LOOKIN FOR SALVATION…JUST A LITTLE HELP.BUT IT NEVER SEEMS TO FIND ME…I’M GONNA TAKE IT FOR MYSELF.I MEAN C’MON….(THERE’S GOT TO BE A BETTER WAY)THAT LOW FEELIN STARTS TO GET TO ME- NEED TO FIND ESCAPE.SO SMOKE IT FILLS THE LUNGS…AND DRINK CORRUPTS THE BRAIN.AND MORALS GET CONFUSED…IN A DESPERATE MIND.AND THERE AIN’T NO WRONG OR RIGHT… IN A DESPERATE TIME.BUT I KNOW THERE’S A SOLUTION- DEEP WITHIN MYSELF.BUT I AIN’T NEVER GONNA REACH IT…WITHOUT SOMEBODY’S HELP.I MEAN A COME ON…last_img read more

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Maroon 5, Travis Scott, & Big Boi Confirmed As Super Bowl LIII Halftime Performers

first_imgSports fans across the country have enjoyed another full weekend’s worth of games as part of the ongoing NFL playoffs as the 2018-2019 season begins to come to its climactic end. While games were being played on Sunday, the NFL took advantage of the busy day to announce the confirmation that Maroon 5 will indeed be one of their featured performers for Super Bowl LIII at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta on February 3rd, along with rapper Travis Scott and Outkast‘s Big Boi. Maroon 5 had previously been rumored to be part of this year’s big sporting event, but it wasn’t until the NFL’s confirmation early Sunday afternoon when those speculations became official.The league’s announcement on Sunday also put an end to the reports that other high profile artists ranging from Jay Z to Rihanna had also been in the running to perform at some point, but withdrew their interest due to the NFL’s fumbling (plenty of pun intended) of how they failed to positively work with the player protests originated by former Super Bowl XLVII participant, Colin Kaepernick.The confirmation of Travis Scott should come as no surprise. The rap star has emerged as a headline-caliber performer over the last few years thanks to big record releases like 2018’s Astroworld, as well as his affiliation with pop culture personas like the Kardashian family. Scott’s participation in the upcoming mid-game mini-concert didn’t come without some requests from the rapper, however. Earlier in the day on Sunday, it was reported that the NFL would have to make a joint donation to Dream Corps, an organization fighting for social justice, in order for Scott to play ball, so to speak.Related: Foo Fighters And Run The Jewels To Play Pre-Super Bowl Concert At Pop-Up Atlanta Concert Venue [Photos]“I back anyone who takes a stand for what they believe in,” Scott said in a statement about his agreement to perform. “I know being an artist that it’s in my power to inspire. So before confirming the Super Bowl Halftime performance, I made sure to partner with the NFL on this important donation.”Maroon 5’s participation is somewhat of an anomaly considering there are so few rock-based acts who have that kind of mainstream drawing power anymore due to the undeniable emergence of EDM and commercial hip-hop as America’s most bankable music genres at the moment. A big reason for group’s longevity in pop relevance can be credited to their lead singer, Adam Levine, who’s been one of the stars of NBC’s The Voice since 2011.Fans can watch this year’s attempt at a concert when the Super Bowl airs on February 3rd via CBS.last_img read more

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$100M gift will support sciences and math

first_imgHarvard announced today that an alumnus and his wife made a $100 million gift to support the Science Center, enhance mathematics scholarship, and provide unrestricted resources for the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS).It is the first nine-figure gift made to Harvard since The Harvard Campaign concluded in June, and the largest to date in new President Larry Bacow’s tenure.“This remarkable gift will provide powerful momentum for the sciences at Harvard,” Bacow said. “We are grateful to the donors for sharing our commitment to Harvard’s academic mission and advancing life-changing scholarship. This is a critical investment in ideas that will create exponential value not only for Harvard students and faculty, but also for society as a whole.”The 1990s alumnus of the College made the gift as a tribute to his father, as a show of confidence in Bacow’s presidency, and to commemorate the strategic leadership of Michael D. Smith, the Edgerley Family Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences from 2007‒2018.“My undergraduate experience was an amazing time in my life,” the alumnus said. “I feel so much love for Harvard, my classmates, and my professors, some of whom are still part of my life today. I have truly admired Mike’s thoughtful leadership, and I have great confidence in Larry’s vision. But I especially want to show the love, respect, and admiration I have for my dad, who sacrificed so much to make my education possible.” “This is a critical investment in ideas that will create exponential value not only for Harvard students and faculty, but also for society as a whole.” — Harvard President Larry Bacow The largest component of the gift will be allocated to the Science Center, ensuring that this core facility is world-class in its labs, equipment, technology, and renovated spaces. The Science Center is Harvard’s central hub for undergraduate science and mathematics.The donors also made two allocations for Harvard’s mathematics program, one an exchange fund to advance academic collaborations in mathematics and applied mathematics between Harvard and universities in Israel. The designation will provide resources for research, lectures, travel, and other activities by graduate students, postdoctoral students, and faculty. The second fund will support a postdoctoral fellowship in mathematical finance.The unrestricted portion of the gift will provide flexibility for FAS leadership to address pressing needs and to green-light new opportunities that support students, faculty, facilities, and technology.“Having a significant fund of flexible resources gives us critical capacity to sustain our core mission, embrace new innovation, and prepare our students for lives of leadership and service to the world,” said current Edgerley Family Dean Claudine Gay. “This gift will make such a difference in the lives and scholarship of students and faculty for many years to come.”Unrestricted philanthropy has been pivotal in advancing research in big data, brain research, and climate science at Harvard. Flexible funds also have been key in enhancing student life. With these resources, Harvard has been able to attract world-class faculty, offer unparalleled curricula such as the popular first-year seminar program series, and create new research programs such as the Dean’s Competitive Fund for Promising Scholarship, which supports faculty pursuing innovative and high-impact research opportunities.last_img read more

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UGArden Donations

first_imgFood insecurity is an issue among college students that is rarely discussed but all too common. With limited funds or inconsistent income streams, some college students may have to choose between paying rent and buying groceries.With this issue affecting their friends and neighbors, students working at UGArden, the University of Georgia’s student-run farm, decided to take action.With the help of a $5,409 grant from the UGA Parents Leadership Council, a group of highly engaged parents, UGArden will now be able to provide fresh produce to the UGA Food Pantry, said John McGinnis, president of the UGArden Club.The grant will be used to buy harvesting supplies, a refrigerator for the garden and one for the UGA Student Food Pantry. The refrigerators will extend the shelf life and food safety of the produce.The pantry was established in 2011 and is located at the Tate Student Center. The student-run resource center serves about 100 students a day. While the volunteers have always had canned goods and packaged foods available, storage had been a major hurdle in supplying the pantry with produce, McGinnis said.“We did some research and found that the food pantry did not really have much produce,” McGinnis said. “That is where we came up with this idea.”With 1 in 5 college students struggling with food insecurity, it seemed to make sense to help their peers in the best way they could — with fresh vegetables, he said.“Fresh produce is super important for the pantry because our goal is to provide students with meals that are not only delicious but also healthy,” Ava Parisi, the UGA student pantry’s director and a student majoring in health promotion and behavioral medicine. “We care for a lot of students’ well-being, so being able to provide healthy and fresh options helps tremendously.”UGArden already supplies vegetables to community organizations and local middle schools with produce. Most of the produce goes to Campus Kitchen, a student-run community kitchen operated through the UGA Office of Service-Learning (OSL) that provides meals to senior citizens around Athens. OSL is a UGA outreach unit that is overseen by the vice president for public service and outreach and the vice president for instruction. This is the kind of project that the Parent Leadership Council was excited to support.“The UGArden is making an important and positive impact on the student experience in its own unique way,” said Elizabeth Correll Richards, chair of the Parents Leadership Council. “The Parents Leadership Council is proud to help with the funding needed to continue its excellent programming.”For more information about UGArden and its impact, visit www.ugarden.uga.edu. For more information about the UGA Student Food Pantry, visit greeklife.uga.edu/content_page/uga-food-pantry-content-page. For more information about the Parent’s Leadership Council, visit give.uga.edu/parents-families/parents-leadership-council.last_img read more

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The Prosecution of the CIA Whistleblower Who Revealed Waterboarding to the World

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York In March 2002, Pakistani police stormed a building in Faisalabad, a bustling city about 120 miles south of Lahore, and were immediately met by gunfire.The target was an al-Qaeda safe house, presumed to be harboring suspected terrorist Abu Zubaydah, whom American intelligence officials had essentially been hunting since the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks.The CIA and FBI were the lead agencies, but Pakistani police were the first inside the safe house. They knew their suspicions were correct when, upon entering the building, a Pakistani officer was stabbed. The armed attacker was Zubaydah.The bloody altercation provided Zubaydah enough of a distraction for him to flee to the roof. Once there, he became involved in a firefight with police. Zubaydah, who the CIA suspected of having close ties to Osama bin Laden, was struck several times by an AK-47.Zubaydah was eventually transferred to a military hospital in Lahore, where the CIA and FBI kept him under 24/7 surveillance. This was a big moment for the American intelligence apparatus, and Zubaydah’s capture would become more than a footnote in CIA history. He was the first high-level al-Qaeda operative apprehended in America’s nascent war on terror—and the CIA had special plans for him.Keeping watch was CIA officer John Kiriakou, who according to previous statements he made to the media, was the first man to interview the alleged terrorist.This March will be the 13th anniversary of Zubaydah’s capture. Both men, if they take time to reflect on that day, will do so from behind bars: Zubaydah in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and Kiriakou, in a federal correctional facility in Pennsylvania.In 2007, Kiriakou, after he had retired from the CIA, sat down with ABC News correspondent Brian Ross and described in great detail the operation that led to Zubaydah’s capture—two other safe houses were simultaneously hit that day, he said—the gunfight, and the alleged terrorist’s request that Kiriakou “smother him with a pillow.” In English, he told Kiriakou that “9/11 was necessary” and was supposed to serve a “wake-up call.”It was during that interview that Kiriakou became the first person with personal knowledge of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation program to publicly reveal that the agency waterboarded its detainees. It was within 24 hours of that interview, Kiriakou told the independent news program Democracy Now, that the US government filed a criminal report against him—the first of a half-dozen.But now for the first time, the CIA’s enhanced interrogation program, cloaked from public view, is available for all to see: The recently released Senate Intelligence Committee’s report details the methods that were used and what if any information was divulged as a result. The committee’s five-year review of the CIA’s post-9/11 secretive detention and interrogation program under President George W. Bush concluded that it was ineffective, deeply flawed and “far more brutal” than government officials were led to believe. Zubaydah was the first to undergo the harsh interrogation methods. He was the government’s guinea pig. But even before the Senate Intelligence Committee started its review, it was Kiriakou who publicly confirmed that such tactics, including waterboarding, had been employed.“I suppose I can say…that my understanding is what’s been reported in the press has been correct in that these enhanced techniques included everything from what was called an attention shake where you grab the person by their lapels and [shake] them, all the way up to the other end, which was waterboarding,” Kiriakou told ABC.Five years later, Kiriakou became the subject of a five-count federal indictment, though none of the counts were related to his divulging that the CIA engaged in waterboarding and other enhanced interrogation techniques in the ABC News interview. His supporters, however, believe Kiriakou became a target after he blew the whistle on the agency’s top-secret program that day. Prosecutors, in their 31-page response, denied that their motivation for prosecuting Kiriakou was because of past comments about torture.“The Department of Justice has never filed criminal charges against him in connection with any of these matters,” it said.“Now seeking to adopt the ill-fitting mantle of whistleblower,” prosecutors added, “defendant asserts that his statements about these and other subjects improperly motivate the prosecution against him.”The complaint, prosecutors insist, “has nothing to do with waterboarding, the national conversation about its wrongness or rightness, the defendant’s opinions, or other public statements he may or may not have made.”Kiriakou pleaded guilty to the single count on October 2012. He was sentenced on Jan. 25, 2013, and entered the Federal Correctional Institution in Loretto, Penn., on February 28, 2013.Since the release of the Senate’s so-called torture report, a number of human rights groups have called for the architects of the program to be prosecuted. Recently the American Civil Liberties Union and Human Rights Watch sent a letter to outgoing Attorney General Eric Holder calling on him to appoint a special prosecutor to investigate “the crimes” detailed in the Senate report.They weren’t alone. The New York Times published an editorial Monday headlined, “Prosecute Tortures and their Bosses.” And they named names:“But any credible investigation should include former Vice President Dick Cheney; Mr. Cheney’s chief of staff, David Addington; the former C.I.A. director George Tenet; and John Yoo and Jay Bybee, the Office of Legal Counsel lawyers who drafted what became known as the torture memos,” the Times editorial board wrote on Dec. 22. “There are many more names that could be considered, including Jose Rodriguez Jr., the C.I.A. official who ordered the destruction of the videotapes; the psychologists who devised the torture regimen; and the C.I.A. employees who carried out that regimen.”Additionally, the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights, a human rights group in Berlin, Germany, recently filed a criminal complaint against the US torture program’s architects, accusing several George W. Bush administration officials of war crimes. Yet, as of now, the only person with knowledge of the enhanced interrogation program to be prosecuted is Kiriakou—and that’s for crimes unrelated to the actual torture of the detainees.For those crimes, Kiriakou is sitting in a low-security prison along with 1,216 inmates in western Pennsylvania. On Aug. 9, the interrogation team told CIA headquarters that it was “unlikely” Zubaydah had “actionable new information about current threats against the United States,” according to the report. But officials at the CIA still believed that Zubaydah was withholding important information. The interrogations were to continue.The Senate report, which is highly critical of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation program, notes that Zubaydah never divulged information about an impending terrorist attack, even as he was subjected to the harsh interrogation methods. The two psychologists, however, saw the methods used on Zubaydah as a success, not because they were able to acquire crucial information, but because interrogators were able to confirm he had none.“Our goal was to reach the stage where we have broken any will or ability of subject to resist or deny providing us information (intelligence) to which he had access,” states a cable, cited in the report. “We additionally sought to bring subject to the point that we confidently assess that he does not/not possess undisclosed threat information, or intelligence that could prevent a terrorist event.”Zubaydah was eventually handed over to the Department of Defense in September 2006. Ex-CIA Agent ProsecutedKiriakou was three years removed from the CIA when he sat down for his now infamous interview with ABC News. The interview focused on the operation to apprehend Zubaydah, but quickly pivoted to interrogation methods that were being reported in the news media, most notably, waterboarding.Kiriakou possessed vast knowledge about the CIA and the role it played following the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. After serving as an analyst, he later became the chief of counterterrorism operations after 9/11. He resigned in 2004, later taking a position as a senior investigator for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.Ross, the ABC News correspondent, asked Kiriakou if he felt comfortable with the techniques.“Frankly, no,” he responded. Kiriakou said he had declined to take part in the training after consulting a senior officer within the agency. Kiriakou, however, expressed the same feelings that many in the CIA did with regards to waterboarding: It was worth it, he told Ross. (Kiriakou’s position has changed since, and he’s become a critic of the technique.)Ross then asked if he’d define waterboarding as torture. “You know, at the time, no,” Kiriakou said, explaining that he thought it was something the US needed to do at the time. But not any more.“And at the time I felt that waterboarding was something that we needed to do,” he said. “And as time passed, and as Sept. 11 has…moved farther and farther back into history, I think I’ve changed my mind. And I think waterboarding is probably something that we shouldn’t be in the business of doing.”“Why do you say that now?” asked Ross.“Because we’re Americans,” Kiriakou responded, “and we’re better than that.”On April 5, 2012, a grand jury in Alexandria, Va., indicted Kiriakou under the Espionage Act, a World War I-era law originally meant to prosecute spies, for identifying a covert agent and disclosing information to a journalist. (The name of one of the covert agents wasn’t published but the identity of the agent ended up in a classified defense filing before a military commission at Guantanamo Bay.) The grand jury also indicted Kiriakou on a fifth count for “willfully” concealing and covering up a classified investigative technique used in the Zubaydah mission that he wanted to include in his 2010 book The Reluctant Spy: My Secret Life in the CIA’s War on Terror.Facing 45 years in prison, Kiriakou pleaded guilty to one count of violating the Intelligence Identities Protection Act for revealing the identity of a covert officer to a journalist. He was sentenced to 30 months in prison.Before the plea deal, Kiriakou’s attorneys argued in its motion to dismiss counts one through four that the prosecution was engaging in “selective prosecution,” and that Kiriakou was being punished for embarrassing the government by publicly revealing that it had engaged in torture.“Because of Kiriakou’s earlier statements, which did not violate any laws, the government has seized upon the current allegations of improper disclosures to prosecute him, even though numerous other individuals that have communicated the same or similar information have not faced prosecution,” his lawyers wrote, according to court documents in the case.His attorneys cited several examples of what they deem to be government-approved leaks. The first was a New Yorker magazine article detailing the raid that killed Osama bin Laden in which the author stated that he knew the identities of the Navy Seals that conducted the operation. Also cited in the motion is a New York Times article describing a US cyber attack to disrupt Iranian nuclear facility, which quotes sources inside the White House Situation Room.“The one common element among these unprosecuted leaks is that they portray the government in an excellent light,” his attorneys write in the motion. “Contrast this with the information offered by Kiriakou in his 2007 interview, which contradicted the narrative that the United States did not engage in the torture of prisoners, his even more embarrassing statement in 2009 that waterboarding was not even effective, and his work investigating the intelligence coverage of a volatile region of the world for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The only logical conclusion to be drawn from these facts is that the government has tolerated other disclosures because they resulted in press favorable to the government. But when Kiriakou allegedly made illegal disclosures of exactly the same nature, government officials found a reason to punish him for his past candor.” Guinea PigSix days after Sept. 11, President George W. Bush signed a covert action memorandum that granted the CIA “unprecedented counterterrorism authorities, including the authority to covertly capture and detain individuals” who pose a threat to the US, according to the Senate report.A CIA review concluded that US military bases were the best option to covertly hold detainees, but that would mean detainees would have to be declared to the International Committee of the Red Cross. The CIA’s position changed after Zubaydah’s capture. Instead, Bush approved a CIA proposal to hold Zubaydah at a black site based in another country that the report doesn’t identify.Before Zubaydah’s removal, he expressed a desire to cooperate with the FBI, according to the report. On April 10, 2002, inside the hospital’s intensive care unit, he provided FBI agents the name of a man named “Mukhtar,” who he said was the mastermind of 9/11. The FBI produced a copy of its Most Wanted List. Zubaydah identified “Mukhtar” as Khalid Shaykh Mohammad (KSM). Mohammad, Zubaydah told the FBI, trained 9/11 hijackers and was in charge of al Qaeda’s operations outside of Afghanistan. Those in the Senate who conducted the review said their findings refute claims by the CIA that Zubaydah gave up KSM only when he was forced to undergo enhanced interrogation.Two days later, George Tenet, the then-director of Central Intelligence, received this update on CIA’s interrogation plans for Zubaydah, according to the report:“Our [CIA] lead interrogator will require Abu Zubaydah to reveal the most sensitive secret he knows we are seeking; if he dissembles or diverts the conversation, the interview will stop and resume at a later time…. In accordance with the strategy, and with concurrence from FBI Headquarters, the two on-site FBI agents will no longer directly participate in the interview/debriefing sessions.”FBI special agents who had interviewed the suspect objected, according to the Senate report:“AZ’s health has improved over the last two days and Agency [CIA] is ready to move [Abu Zubaydah] out of the hospital and back to [redacted] on [redacted] in an elaborate plan to change AZ’s environment. Agency [CIA] advised this day that they will be immediately changing tactics in all future AZ interviews by having only there [sic] [CIA officer] interact with AZ (there will be no FBI presence in interview room). This change contradicts all conversations had to date…. They believe AZ is offering, ‘throw away information’ and holding back from providing threat information (It should be note [sic] that we have obtained critical information regarding AZ thus far and have now got him speaking about threat information, albeit from his hospital bed and not [an] appropriate interview environment for full follow-up (due to his health). Suddenly the psychiatric team here wants AZ to only interact with their [CIA officer, and the CIA sees this] as being the best way to get the threat information…. We offered several compromise solutions… all suggestions were immediately declined without further discussion…. This again is quite odd as all information obtained from AZ has come from FBI lead interviewers and questioning…. I have spent an un-calculable amount of hours at [Abu Zubaydah’s] bedside assisting with medical help, holding his hand and comforting hum through various medical procedures, even assisting him in going [to] the bathroom…. We have built tremendous report [sic] with AZ and now that we are on the eve of ‘regular” interviews to get threat information, we have been ‘written out’ of future interviews.”The CIA took over interviewing Zubaydah on April 13. During a meeting with Zubaydah inside the hospital room that lasted 11 minutes, a CIA officer told Zubaydah that he “had a most important secret [the interrogator] needed to know,” apparently related to future attacks on the US. He told Zubaydah to “signal” for him when he was ready to talk. He never did. FBI agents believed valuable time was being wasted.On April 15, Zubaydah was told “time is running out.” That same day he was sedated and transported to a secret detention site—a windowless white cell. His interrogators blasted loud music to disorient him. Zubaydah was often kept naked.Zubaydah had not fully recovered from his bullet wounds, so the CIA briefly reversed course. On April 17, an FBI agent was allowed to meet with Zubaydah for six hours, in which he denied knowledge of threats against the US. But he did continue to provide information about KSM and other terrorists in Pakistan, according to the report. On April 20, he told the FBI that he was approached by two men who desired to detonate a uranium-based explosive in the US, but “he did not believe the plan was viable.” He didn’t know the names of the pair, according to the report, but he was able to provide a description of the men he had encountered.The CIA, however, believed Zubaydah was still hiding something. Zubaydah was held in isolation for 47 days between June and August of that year. During this time, a department within the CIA (its name is redacted from the report) drafted a letter stating that “the use of more aggressive methods is required to persuade Abu Zubaydah to provide the critical information we need to safeguard lives of innumerable innocent men, women and children within the United States and abroad.” It’s unclear if the attorney general ever received the letter, according to the report.Officials continued to discuss potential interrogation methods and even went as far as to suggest what would become of Zubaydah’s body if he were to die during the interrogation. “He would be cremated,” according to a US government cable quoted in the report.Two psychologists for the US Air Force were brought in to help implement the interrogation methods. Waterboarding, they suggested, would be an appropriate technique to stop Zubaydah from resisting.On July 24, the attorney general verbally approved 10 interrogation techniques, including stress positions and sleep deprivation. Waterboarding was approved two days later. CIA records obtained by Senate staffers note that President Bush did not receive his first CIA briefing on the interrogation techniques until April 8, 2006—nearly four years later.The CIA now had the approval they sought in order to more aggressively interrogate Zubaydah. From Aug. 4, 2002 through Aug. 23, 2002, Zubaydah received harsher interrogation methods on a “near 24-hour-per-day basis,” according to the Senate report. The initial techniques ranged from slamming Zubaydah against a concrete wall, threatening him with a large confinement box that when placed on the floor resembled a coffin, and slapped him every time he denied having information. He was waterboarded for the first time at 6:20 p.m. on Aug. 4, according to the report. It went on for two and a half hours, sometimes resulting in involuntary spasms, coughing and vomiting.last_img read more

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A new kind of retail

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

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Bank offers top properties on-line

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Liverpool keeping tabs on former Arsenal star Donyell Malen

first_img Metro Sport ReporterSaturday 21 Sep 2019 10:49 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link Comment Advertisement Liverpool keeping tabs on former Arsenal star Donyell Malen Malen has two caps for the Netherlands (Picture: Getty)And the Sun claim that Liverpool are keeping track of the 20-year-old as Jurgen Klopp looks to bolster his frontline.AdvertisementAdvertisementPSV are desperate to keep hold of Malen but could do little to stop Liverpool should they make a move for the forward.The Reds failed to make a signing last summer following their Champions League win but Klopp will be given funds to strengthen in January as the club look to end their wait to win the Premier League.Klopp’s side can restore their five-point lead at the top of the table with victory against Chelsea at Stamford Bridge on Sunday.MORE: Watching, Frank? Callum Hudson-Odoi sends message to Lampard with goal for U23s Advertisement Donyell Malen is attracting interest from Liverpool (Picture: Getty)Liverpool are monitoring PSV Eindhoven star Donyell Malen with a view to making a move for the Dutchman.The forward spent two years at Arsenal before leaving the Gunners for PSV in 2017.The 20-year-old broke into the team last season and he’s made a scintillating start to this campaign, scoring nine times in 12 matches for the Dutch giants.Five of those goals came in a victory against Vitesse last week and Malen’s been rewarded for his fine form with two caps for the Dutch national side.ADVERTISEMENTlast_img read more

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