Film schools, and all colleges for that matter, have a funny way of becoming harmfully self-sufficient. For example, at most universities you can’t teach without an upper-level degree which, if you ask around the industry, is virtually nonexistent. So the person teaching you likely went directly from undergrad to graduate school to teaching you the intricacies of cinematography without having ever been in the industry.5. Film School Weighs Down Go-GettersAs a filmmaker you are probably a go-getter. Nobody told you to make films, you simply love filmmaking. But filmmaking takes time and so does all of the other things in your life. Between work, family, friends, and relaxation, there are a million things pulling you in different directions and they all take time.Going to film school taught me how much I already knew, and that the best way to learn about film is being on the set with professionals. – Devin Ratray The problem with film school is the fact that you will be pulled away from making films to do homework or projects that won’t help you in the end. It can get exhausting and you’ll quickly find that your creativity and time shrink more and more.6. Film School Is a Lot of Not Making FilmsIf film school was simply showing up to a film set for 200 days a year for four years, it would be incredibly helpful, but it’s not. While you will have some production classes, you will also have a lot of other classes that won’t help you pursue your dream of being a filmmaker. In film school you will have to write essays, study theory, and take a lot of basic classes. It does all depend on your specific college, but if you go to a public university you will likely spend your first two years taking basic classes that have nothing to do with filmmaking.There’s no substitute for going out and spending hundreds of hours trying to make a film. – Marshall CurryYou know the difference between a filmmaker and a film student? A filmmaker makes films. In film school there is no shortage of inspirational speeches, but there are a surprising number of people not actually shooting anything. There is an underlying assumption that by the time you get out of school, you’ll have enough content to make a killer demo reel… but this is simply not the case. Your demo reel is going to look terrible if all you have is school projects. If you’ve worked on a film in the last two weeks, you’ve done more than the average film student.7. Film School Is Disconnected With RealityAs I stated earlier, your peers in film school are not people that have worked in the industry. Rather, your peers are likely students that went directly from high school into college with little to no on-set experience. So a lot of unhelpful and meaningless speculation happens.So far there seems no direct correlation between film school and success. – RC Victorino Film Slate MagazineIn film school everyone has an opinion, but very few have a demo reel worth sharing. In reality, the most helpful thing you can do in film school is learn how to communicate well with others. Your ability to network and create a fun, collaborative workspace will transcend any degree.Final NotesAll of this isn’t to say that you can’t learn something from film school. There is plenty to be learned from an organized educational environment… but if you really want to be a successful filmmaker, you need to be doing so much more than simply going to school. Go out and make a film. You’ll learn along the way.Have you been to film school? What was your experience? Share in the comments below. You’re going to be learning over the course of your entire career. Is it worth your time and energy to start that process in film school?Whether it’s terminology, new techniques, or simply how to not do something, every time I step onto a film set I learn something new. Your entire career is going to be spent learning and refining your skills… at no point are you going to sit down and know everything. The industry moves way too fast and it’s simply impossible to know everything.When people ask me if I went to film school I tell them, ‘no, I went to films.’ – Quentin TarantinoAs a filmmaker you’ve already committed yourself to lifelong learning, and that’s a good thing, but where should you take your first step? Many start their film journey at a college… but is that the best option? I think not. Here are a few reasons why you might want to skip film school from my own personal experience:1. Film School Is Crazy ExpensiveFilm school is absurdly expensive. For example, if you went to USC (arguably the world’s best film school), it would cost you $42,000 a year. That’s $162,000 after a four year degree, not counting any other costs. Now contrast that with $28,935, the average yearly salary of a Production Assistant which, in all likelihood, will be your first job out of college if you are wanting to jump into the industry. In short, if you go to film school, you will be in so much crippling debt that you will have an extremely hard time paying it off.Think of what you could shoot for $168,000 or the equipment you could buy. With that kind of money you could start a production company, build an amazing editing station, hire actors, and invest enough money to have $2,000,000 in retirement by age 65.I know that film school is an investment, and like any investment it will require upfront costs… but is film school really an investment? Is there a correlation between film school and success in the industry? The short answer is no, but more on this below.2. It Can’t Keep up With the TimesIt’s hard for a college or university to stay up-to-date on anything. It makes sense… departments have to deal with politics, budgets, and education plans that hinder their ability to be flexible. So when a new camera is released that has the potential to radically change the industry, you probably won’t be using it in film school. Instead you’ll probably be using cameras that are incredibly old. At the very least, you’ll have very few opportunities to use new cameras as they are often reserved for upper-level courses. So, in reality, for the first two and a half years of basics, you’ll be taking a combination of math, science, and english classes that have very little practical application in anything, let alone filmmaking.Films really are about living life, and that part doesn’t happen inside a film school. – Ana Lily AmirpourI literally had a class where we had to shoot on DV tapes. Not because they were trying to teach us that a good filmmaker can shoot a film on any camera… no, the reason we shot on DV cameras was because they were the only cameras available for us to use. I don’t blame the film school. I get it, camera equipment gets expensive fast. But you’re better off going out and buying your own equipment if you actually want to shoot a film that you can be proud of.3. Film School Is Way Too NiceAs an aspiring filmmaker, one of the most kind-hearted and helpful things anyone can do for you is be brutally honest about every mistake you make. Being forced to hand out overly kind, kid-glove critique (while receiving the same) to fellow aspiring filmmakers is of no help to anyone, especially when the project clearly doesn’t merit a positive response. Unlike reality, film school tries to say nice things about everyone’s work… but when a film is bad, it needs to be labeled as such. Anything else is a fluffy lie.To avoid criticism, do nothing, say nothing, and be nothing. – Elbert HubbardIn an effort to not hurt a student’s feelings, film school can set them up for disaster. After encountering very little honest critique, young filmmakers with their hearts and minds set on making it in Hollywood are discouraged by the harsh realities of closed doors, low pay, and unemployment. Film school leaves them unprepared. It is, in effect, a great unkindness.4. Film School Sets False ExpectationsOne of the most helpful parts of film school is the fact that you will be surrounding yourself with like-minded peers… but this is also one of the most detrimental aspects of formal film education. Students, in general, have never even been on a professional film set, let alone worked in the film industry. So their preconceived notions of what the industry “is like” are often skewed by speculation and uncertainty.In an ideal world, the professors would shed light on this complex and difficult-to-navigate industry, but there lies the problem. Professors are often just as disconnected from the industry as the students they are teaching. With the exception of the occasional standout professor, you’ll likely end up being lectured by someone who hasn’t been in the industry in years, if at all.Film school is a complete con, because the information is there if you want it. – Paul Thomas Anderson
DefinitionRotator cuff repair is a type of surgery to repair a torn tendon in the shoulder. The procedure can be done with a large (open) incision or with shoulder arthroscopy, which uses small buttonhole-sized incisions.DescriptionThe rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that form a cuff over the shoulder joint. These muscles and tendons hold the arm in its joint and help the shoulder joint to move. The tendons can be torn from overuse or injury.You will likely receive general anesthesia before this surgery. This means you will be asleep and unable to feel pain. Or, you may have regional anesthesia. Your arm and shoulder area will be numbed so that you do not feel any pain. If you receive regional anesthesia, you will also be given medicine to make you very sleepy during the operation. Three common techniques are used to repair a rotator cuff tear:During open repair, surgical incision is made and a large muscle is moved out the way to do the surgery. Open repair is done for large or more complex tears.During arthroscopy, the arthroscope is inserted through small incision. The scope is connected to a video monitor. This allows the surgeon to view the inside of the shoulder.One tothree additional small incisions are made to allow other instruments to be inserted.During mini-open repair, any damaged tissue or bone spurs are removed or repaired using an arthroscope. Then during the open part of the surgery, a 2- to 3-inch incision is made to repair the rotator cuff.To repair the rotator cuff, the tendons are re-attached to the bone.Small rivets (called suture anchors) are often used to help attach the tendon to the bone. The suture anchors can be made of metal or material that dissolves over time, and do not need to be removed.Sutures are attached to the anchors, which tie the tendon back to the bone.At the end of the surgery, the incisions are closed, and a dressing is applied. If arthroscopy was performed, most surgeons take pictures of the procedure from the video monitor to show you what they found and the repairsthat weremade.advertisementWhy the Procedure Is PerformedReasons rotator cuff repair may be done include:You have shoulder pain when you rest or at night, and it has not improved with exercises over 6to 12 months.You are active and use your shoulder for sports or work.You have weakness and are unable to do everyday activities.Surgery is a good choice when:You have a large or a complete rotator cuff tear.A tear was caused by a recent injury.The tendons of the rotator cuff were not already torn from chronic rotator cuff problems.Apartial tear may notrequire surgery. Instead, rest and exercise are used to heal the shoulder. This approach is often best for persons who do not place a lot of demand on their shoulder. Pain can be expected to improve. Weakness will not improve. The tear will likely become larger over time. You may be limited in the sports or other activies you can do.RisksRisksof anesthesia are:Allergic reactions to medicationsProblems breathingRisks rotator cuff surgery are:BleedingInfectionInjury to a blood vessel or nerveBefore the ProcedureTell your health care provider what medicines you are taking. This includes medicines, supplements, or herbs you bought without a prescription.During the 2 weeks before your surgery:You may be asked to stop taking medicines that make it harder for your blood to clot. These include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve), and other medicines.Ask your health care provider which medicines you should still take on the day of your surgery.If you have diabetes, heart disease, or other medical conditions, your surgeon will ask you to see your doctor who treats you for these conditions.Tell your health care provider if you have been drinking a lot of alcohol, more than 1 or 2 drinks a day.If you smoke, try to stop. Ask your health care provider or nurse for help. Smoking can slow wound and bone healing.Tell your surgeon about any cold, flu, fever, herpes breakout, or other illness you may have before your surgery.On the day of surgery:You will likely be asked not to drink or eat anything for 6 to 12 hours before the procedure.Take the medicines your surgeon told you to take with a small sip of water.Your surgeon or nurse will tell you when to arrive at the hospital. Be sure to arrive on time.After the ProcedureadvertisementFollow any discharge and self-careinstructions you are given.You will be wearing a sling when you leave the hospital. Some patients also wear a shoulder immobilizer. This keeps your shoulder from moving. How long you wear the sling or immobilizer will depend on the type of surgery you had.Recovery can take 3to 6 months, depending on the size of the tear and other factors. You may have to wear a sling for 4to 6 weeks after surgery. Pain is usually managed with medicines.Physical therapy can help you regain the motion and strength of your shoulder. The length of therapy will depend on the repair that was done.Outlook (Prognosis)Surgery to repair a torn rotator cuff is usually successful in relieving pain in the shoulder. The procedure may not always return strength to the shoulder. Rotator cuff repair can require a long recovery period, especially if the tear was large.When you can return to work or play sports depends on the surgery that was done. Expectseveral months to resume your regular activities.Some rotator cuff tears may not fully heal. Stiffness, weakness, and chronic pain may still be present.These poorer results are more likely when the following are present:The rotator cuff was already torn or weak before the injury.Larger tearsAfter-surgery exercise and instructions are not followed.Older patients (over age 65)SmokingReferencesGartsman GM. Shoulder Arthroscopy. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2008.Miller RH III, Asar FM, Throckmorton TW. Shoulder and elbow injuries. In: Canale ST, Beaty JH, eds. Campbells Operative Orthopaedics. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 46.Warren RF, ed. Shoulder arthroscopy. In: Rockwood CA, Matsen FA III, Wirth MA, et al., eds. The Shoulder. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2009:chap 20.Review Date:4/16/2013Reviewed By:C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial Team.
Chandigarh, Jul 13 (PTI) Haryana sports minister Anil Vij has said that the presence of multiple Olympic associations in the state was proving to be detrimental to the health of sports. “In the matter of cricket, the Supreme court took cognizance..we hope for other sports too such a decision will come some day to set things right, then sports in this country is bound to touch new heights,” Vij said speaking at an event here. Without naming anyone, Vij, who is a senior minister in the BJP government in the state, said that “functioning of the so called two-three Olympic Associations in Haryana who had been believing themselves as right and others as wrong, was confusing the players and proving detrimental to sports. “We are taking a number of steps to promote sports in the state. Haryana is a nursery of sports and has been producing medal winners at international level. However, there are some difficulties which are being faced as 2-3 Olympic Associations are functioning in the state,” he said. Hitting out at one such parallel association, Vij said that some people were running the body thinking it was their fiefdom. “For years together, no polls are held, no accounts have been got audited, a meeting of general house is never called and this Association is running like a private company, which is detrimental to sports and players interests,” he said. PTI SUN BS BS