FRISCO, Texas – Houston Baptist guard Ian DuBose is the Southland Conference Men’s Basketball Player of the Week, the league announced Monday. The Southland’s leading scorer (19.1 PPG) averaged 32 points and 6.5 rebounds across two games in a 1-1 week for the Huskies (1-11, 1-2 SLC). HBU edged Central Arkansas 111-107 in overtime on Thursday before suffering a 106-79 loss to Northwestern State on Saturday. The Huskies begin a three-game homestand against Lamar at 7 p.m. Saturday. He carried that momentum into Saturday’s game against the Demons, pouring in 20 points in just 23 minutes on the court on 5-of-10 shooting. DuBose’s last back-to-back games with 20 or more points came nearly a year ago to the date, when he was named the league’s Player of the Week after scoring 33 and 22 on January 2 and 5, respectively. With a 44-point output in the win over the Bears, DuBose posted the most points by a Southland student-athlete since Lamar’s Mike James dropped 52 on Jan. 4, 2011. DuBose also grabbed a season-high 11 rebounds to mark his third double-double on the season with 20 or more points. Men’s Basketball Player of the Week – Ian DuBose, Houston Baptist – Jr. – G – Durham, N.C.DuBose shot 15-of-23 (.652) from the field, sank 12 of his 16 free-throw attempts and hit a pair of threes in the overtime win over UCA. Down five with 1:35 remaining, he hit a crucial three-pointer and assisted on the game-tying layup on back-to-back possessions to tie the game with 70 ticks to go. Week 10 Southland Conference Release (PDF) Honorable Mention: Kevon Harris, Stephen F. Austin; Elvis Harvey Jr., Nicholls; DeAndre Jones, Central Arkansas; Avery Sullivan, Lamar.
Reid Bourque McNeese SS Jr. Moss Bluff, La. Beau Orlando^ Central Arkansas 3B Sr. Houston, Texas Ryan Flores* UIW 1B Jr. Corpus Christi, Texas The sophomore from Cypress, Texas, posted the Southland’s top batting average in conference play (.388) in his rookie season, leading the Bearkats to their seventh conference championship in nine years. He tied for the league lead in extra-base hits in both overall and conference-only games, roping seven triples and 17 doubles, and tallied conference-high figures in both runs scored (32) and hits (47). The squads feature 16 returning all-conference honorees and three members of the 2019 Southland Conference All-Tournament Team in Nate Fisbeck and Jake Dickerson of McNeese and Central Arkansas’ Beau Orlando. Jack Rogers* Sam Houston State OF Jr. Spring, Texas Josh Ragan* Central Arkansas OF Sr. Irving, Texas Southland preseason all-conference teams are nominated and voted upon by the league’s head coaches. Voting for one’s own athletes is not permitted. Returning all-conference selections from the previous season are automatically named to the preseason teams and may be elevated to higher teams based on available positions.2020 Southland Conference Preseason All-Conference Baseball TeamsFirst Team Jeremy Rodriguez Stephen F. Austin RP Sr. Cypress, Texas Lee Thomas* UIW DH Sr. Katy, Texas Itchy Burts* Texas A&M-Corpus Christi U Sr. League City, Texas Noah Cameron* Central Arkansas SP So. St. Joseph, Mo. FRISCO, Texas – Reigning Hitter of the Year and Sam Houston State outfielder Colton Cowser headlines the 2020 Southland Conference Preseason All-Conference baseball teams, announced by the league Tuesday. Preston Faulkner Southeastern Louisiana 1B Jr. Denham Springs, La. Clayton Rasbeary* McNeese DH Sr. Rockwall, Texas Will Dion McNeese SP So. Sulphur, La. Brandon Bena* Houston Baptist OF Sr. Omaha, Neb. Colton Cowser* Sam Houston State OF So. Cypress, Texas While the conference had 12 pitchers drafted last summer, there are still several worthy arms in the ranks, including returning all-conference pitchers Kyle Gruller of Houston Baptist and Noah Cameron of Central Arkansas. Gruller finished third in the conference in ERA (2.18) and opposing batting average (.207). In his rookie campaign, Cameron went 6-1 and tallied a league-best 77 strikeouts in conference play.The 2020 Southland Baseball Preseason Poll will be announced at 11 a.m. Thursday. The season begins Friday, Feb. 14, with 15 games, starting when Houston Baptist visits Texas Tech at 1 p.m. Chris Sandberg Nicholls C Sr. Los Angeles, Calif. Kyle Gruller* Houston Baptist SP Sr. Cypress, Texas John Gaddis Texas A&M-Corpus Christi SP Jr. Corpus Christi, Texas Logan Berlof* Lamar 2B Sr. McKinney, Texas Gavin Stone Central Arkansas SP Jr. Lake City, Ark. Nate Fisbeck*^ McNeese 2B Sr. The Woodlands, Texas Jake Dickerson*^ McNeese U Sr. Beaumont, Texas Gavin Johnson Sam Houston State C R-Sr. San Antonio, Texas Anthony Quirion Lamar 3B Sr. Dixville, Quebec, Canada Fisbeck, who was also named Third-Team All-America by Collegiate Baseball, started all 61 games for the Cowboys’ run to a Southland tournament title and their first regional appearance since 2003. He led the league in runs (53) and doubles (21) and finished with the third-most home runs (12). Fisbeck scored seven runs in four games at the conference tournament and hit a pair of homers in a 5-3 win over UIW that sent McNeese to the title game. JC Correa* Lamar SS Sr. Santa Isabel, Puerto Rico Conner Williams Central Arkansas RP Sr. Conway, Ark. Tyler Smith* Northwestern State OF Sr. Franklinton, La. Name School Pos. Class Hometown Name School Pos. Class Hometown Sean Arnold* UIW OF Sr. Bryan, Texas Second Team Named Third-Team Preseason All-America by D1 Baseball and Collegiate Baseball, Cowser represented the league on the Team USA Collegiate National Team. In 13 games on the summer tour, he made eight starts in right field and led the team in runs (9). He was named MVP of the Cuba series after leading the team in batting (.438) and runs (6) and tying for the team-lead in hits (7) during the five-game series. Luke Taggart UIW SP Sr. Portland, Texas After meeting in the 2019 Southland Baseball Tournament championship, Central Arkansas and McNeese led the way with five selections each, followed by UIW with four. Lamar and Sam Houston State each garnered a trio of picks, while Houston Baptist and Texas A&M-Corpus Christi picked up a pair of honorees. Nicholls, Northwestern State, Southeastern Louisiana and Stephen F. Austin each had one individual selected to the second team. * – Member of 2019 All-Southland Conference teams^ – Member of 2019 Southland Conference All-Tournament team
End of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legend Djokovic ponders long break ‘for body and mind’ LATEST STORIES MOST READ Duterte’s ‘soft heart’ could save ABS-CBN, says election lawyer The league’s Board of Governors unanimously approved some changes that will potentially eliminate four timeouts per game, help speed up the final minutes of games and emphasize a timely resumption of play after halftime.The changes all go into effect starting this coming season, the NBA said Wednesday.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’Teams will be limited to two timeouts in the final three minutes of a game, instead of having up to three. All four quarters will have two mandatory timeouts, after the 7- and 3-minute marks.“We’re pretty happy with the length of the game,” NBA Commissioner Adam Silver said. “We were more focused here on the pace and flow of the game. What we heard from our fans, what we heard from many of our teams, was that the end of the games in particular were too choppy. And I think since I was a kid, that was an issue people were talking about, the last two minutes of a game.” Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks PLAY LIST 01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite Silver said the full complement of commercial-showing opportunities will still be available to the league’s broadcast partners, and that the league doesn’t believe player in-game rest will be affected by speeding up some aspects.Also, all halftimes will be 15 minutes and delay of game penalties will be issued if teams are not ready to immediately play when intermission ends.“These changes will help us fulfill our goal of improving game flow and pace of play,” NBA President of League Operations Byron Spruell said. “Fewer stoppages and less time without action, especially at the end of a game, will further enhance the viewing experience for our fans.”The league also changed the trade deadline, moving it up so teams would not have their rosters significantly altered during the All-Star break.This season’s deadline will be Feb. 8 — 10 days before the All-Star Game in Los Angeles. Under the old system the deadline would have been Feb. 22, when teams are getting ready to resume their seasons after the break.ADVERTISEMENT Missile-capable frigate BRP Jose Rizal inches closer to entering PH Navy’s fleet LIVE: Sinulog 2020 Grand Parade — Playoff seeding. Silver also spoke about the perception of conference imbalance, and the notion of seeding the top 16 teams for the playoffs with no limitations based on conferences. He said a study two years ago showed it wouldn’t be ideal, though Silver noted that it will likely be looked at again in the future.“The only fair way to do it is to have a balanced schedule throughout the season,” Silver said.— Expansion. Silver reiterated that neither relocation nor expansion is not in the NBA’s plans right now, and that there’s no focus on putting a team in Las Vegas anytime soon. He did say that when the NBA looks to grow in the future, and it will, the league will look at the Las Vegas market — which it has been fond of for years, especially the role it plays in the summer league. CBBSports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next IT happens: Facebook sorry for Xi Jinping’s name mistranslation Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Duterte’s ‘soft heart’ could save ABS-CBN, says election lawyer In this Oct. 21, 2016, file photo, NBA Commissioner Adam Silver speaks to reporters during a news conference, in New York. The NBA is trying to make games go a little more quickly. The league’s Board of Governors has unanimously approved some changes that will potentially eliminate four time-outs per game, help speed up the final minutes of games and emphasize a timely resumption of play after halftime. APLAS VEGAS, United States — The NBA has for years heard complaints that a free-flowing, fast-paced and athletic game grinds to a halt at the most important and compelling time, when everyone tunes in to watch the final few minutes of a tight game.Now the league is finally taking steps to make sure crunch time doesn’t get bogged down by commercial time.ADVERTISEMENT If an All-Star is traded to the other conference before the game, Silver said the league will review which side that player should play for on a case-by-case basis.The NBA’s Competition Committee also considered making other tweaks — such as the oft-criticized play where so many shooting fouls are now called on 3-point attempts, often when the offending contact there seems to be initiated by the offensive player.But on that front, no changes are coming at this point.In other news from the Board of Governors meeting and Silver’s news conference:— One and done. Silver said the NBA will take “a complete, holistic look” at the one-and-done rule and how prepared players are going into their pro careers. He said that Kobe Bryant spoke with teams on Tuesday about his development before entering the league straight out of high school.“I don’t believe the system is working well for anyone,” Silver said.— Tanking. Silver addressed comments made by Dallas owner Mark Cuban that when the Mavericks were eliminated from playoff contention last season, they tanked with hopes of improving their draft lottery odds.“Yes, it’s not what you want to hear as commissioner,” Silver said. The league and Cuban discussed it, and moved on, Silver said.— Luxury tax. Silver said it’s too early to say if the NBA is concerned about the chance that 10 or more teams could be in the luxury tax for the 2018-19 season.“These systems are so hard to calibrate. As the money’s gotten bigger, it’s gotten harder to project future cap and tax levels,” Silver said. “And I think those are all things that we continue to look at. Our teams are smart. They find ways to compete. They work within the existing system but always with one eye on the next time we sit down at the bargaining table.” 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano View comments Malacañang open to creating Taal Commission Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’
– EPA to conduct similar exercises countrywideSmall forest operators in Pomeroon-Supenaam were on Saturday enlightened about the need to have an Environmental Authorisation. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) held an interactive workshop to educate them on this critical requirement for operating in the country’s forests. The first such workshop was held in Region 10 last December.Forest operators from villages across the region, including Indigenous communities, were all part of the workshop. During the workshop, they were given an in-depth presentation which explained the Environmental Authorisation, why it is important to have one, where to apply for one and how to fill out the requisite forms.Aside from the theoretical aspect of the session, they were also taken to a nearby sawmill for a first-hand view on how to protect themselves and the environment. The operators were very vocal throughout the workshop, asking questions to ensure that they have clarity on the way forward.Participants were high in praise for the initiative taken to bring them up-to-date with the requirement for protecting the environment. Judy Marslowe of Bethany said “for me it is realising that everything around you has its positive and negative which is either being used or abused and we really need to take it seriously the things we do every day and take for granted… There must be some sort of system and control of how things are being done and if we do not, maybe somewhere down the road, we might regret it.”Toshao of Akawini, David Wilson is quoted by the Department of Public Information (DPI) as saying that Indigenous people have for centuries taken care of the environment how they know best. However, he said that “learning today more about the way to go, is a plus for us so that we can take back to our communities and enlighten our villages on what they need to do.” Toshao David also called for similar workshops to be held more frequently.Leo Gomes of Lake Mainstay noted that he was pleased by the efforts of the EPA to educate the people on how to care for the environment. “I am thankful for the education they have given concessionaires, small and big, where you can obtain licenses… I see that it is fit and very much acceptable” Gomes stated.The workshop is aimed at ensuring that all forest operators become authorised in keeping with Section 14 of the Environmental Act. The act states that: “before harvesting and utilising forest resources, an operator must first seek permission from the Environmental Protection Agency.” That permission is the Environmental Authorisation which not only seeks to protect the environment, but also the health of the those involved.Senior Environmental Officer, Colis Primo said that with the completion of the workshop, he hopes that persons will make an effort to acquire the environmental authorisation.Primo underscored that “this is a continuous process and we will continue to work with them. They would have highlighted some challenges that they foresee in the authorisation process and we intend to work with them in terms of resolving those challenges because we would be happy if by tomorrow, they could submit their applications.”The EPA, throughout 2019, will be conducting similar workshops countrywide to encourage more forest operators to be authorised. The Environmental Authorisation application process costs $10,000 (US$50) and once approved $20,000 (US$100) per year. Alternatively, operators may apply for a maximum environmental authorisation at $100,000 (US$500) for five years.The outreaches also focus on sensitising forest operators about the European Union/Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (EU/FLEGT) agreement with Guyana, to protect the environment. Hence, the move by the EPA to get all forest operators on board with best environmental practices in order to mitigate any negative impact, which may result from their actions, on the environment.
There may not have been any tears, but it was clear the emotions were stirring as Steven Gerrard bid a final farewell to his beloved Anfield on Saturday.In truth, he probably felt more like crying after losing 3-1 to Crystal Palace in his last appearance on the ground he has graced with such distinction for 17 years.The Kop sang his name as he walked around the ground just once more after the final whistle and, with his three daughters, he soaked up every moment.“It felt very strange. As I say I have been dreading this moment and the reason being because I will miss it so much,” he said.“I’ve loved every minute of it and I’m absolutely devastated I’ll never play in front of these fantastic supporters again.“First and foremost I’d like to thank everyone at the club who has helped me in the last 17 years.“I’d like to thank all my team-mates today, all the ex-players who I have played with over the years – they have made me the player I am.“I’ll save my last thank you for these supporters – they stand out.“Just before I go, before the tears come, I’ve played in front of most supporters around the world but let me tell you, you’re the best.”Asked about his favourite Anfield moment, Gerrard said: “It is very difficult to pick one. The first time I ran out was the moment I will never forget. The first time you play for Liverpool is a dream come true, everything else was a bonus for me.“The club is in good hands. It has got a fantastic manager in Brendan [Rodgers], there’s unbelievable potential in the squad and I’m sure that there will be some new signings in the coming weeks. I look at the players in front of me – I love them to death and wish them every luck.”On what was a disappointing parlance against a plucky Palace side, Gerrard added, speaking to Sky Sports 1: “We found it hard to get going. I played a holding role, they stifled us, towards the end we gambled and went for it, credit to Crystal Palace.“I have been preparing for it all week. It’s not going to be the same, hopefully I can enjoy my football for the next couple of years and hopefully come back one day.“I will reflect for a few years and hopefully stay involved in the game, I love it.”
Shane Long is out of the Republic of Ireland’s Euro 2016 first leg play-off match against Bosnia-Herzegovina on Friday evening.However, the 28-year-old Southampton striker has not been ruled out of the return in Dublin next Monday.Manager Martin O’Neill was keeping his fingers crossed as he met the media on Wednesday afternoon that Long, who scored the only goal in last month’s famous 1-0 qualifying victory over world champions Germany, would be fit for the game in Zenica after damaging his foot in Poland three days later.But despite making progress, the frontman will not be available for the game at the Bilino Polje Stadium.A Football Association of Ireland statement said: “Shane Long will not be involved in Friday’s first leg as he will remain at Southampton for further treatment on his ankle injury, but he has not been ruled out of next Monday’s second leg at the Aviva Stadium.”There was better news for Brentford midfielder Alan Judge, who was due to meet up with the squad in Dublin on Wednesday evening after recovering from a hamstring problem, and he will be joined by Charlton keeper Stephen Henderson following Keiren Westwood’s withdrawal.It has proved a difficult few days for Ireland’s goalkeepers with Shay Given sidelined by knee surgery and Rob Elliot, who played in Newcastle’s 1-0 win at Bournemouth on Saturday, having been ruled out of the first leg with an ongoing thigh problem. 1 The 28-year-old Southampton striker has not been ruled out of the return in Dublin next Monday
160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! The Associated Press MONTEREY – A firefighter has died of injuries received in a bulldozer rollover while battling a Monterey County blaze. Matthew Will was operating the bulldozer in a steep, rural area of the county Monday afternoon when the vehicle rolled into a ravine. The 30-year-old was flown to San Jose Regional Medical Center in serious condition, and died Tuesday morning. The 47-acre fire off Palo Colorado Road is now fully contained. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREChargers go winless in AFC West with season-ending loss in Kansas CityThe blaze started in a garage of the home, but no other structures were damaged. The cause of the fire and the rollover is under investigation.
ADVERTNothing can affect your energy, health and weight loss like low thyroid function. It drastically limits your get up and go and ages you well beyond your years. It can mean you are operating at 66% or 50% of your normal power – mentally and physically!For those losing weight it can make it almost impossible because you burn 400 or 500 calories less than normal per day. Indeed it can limit or stop your weight loss no matter how much dieting or exercise you do. And the under-eating of poor diets makes the situation drastically worse. Thyroid hormones affect the output of virtually every cell in the body from head to toe. Low thyroid can be at the root cause of depression. It can slow your digestion and cause constipation. It affects energy production, fertility and sex drive. It of course causes weight gain. It stresses the body and can greatly contribute to stomach fat. In our hurried and stressed lifestyle the thyroid is one of the most beaten up glands of all!Unfortunately current blood testing helps very little. The hormones typically tested (TSH and T4) do not give enough information. We should at the very least be testing the T3 hormone too! The ranges of ‘normality’ are also too wide and allow a lot of people go undiagnosed. Many people who pass blood tests still have multiple signs of low thyroid function including – very low energy, constant fatigue, poor blood circulation, feeling unnaturally cold, slow bowel function, poor skin and hair loss.There are a huge number of people out there feeling very unwell with ‘subclinical’ thyroid i.e. not medically diagnosed. Certainly aging, pregnancy, poor lifestyle habits (smoking, excess sugar and alcohol), illness and over medication lower thyroid function and stress seriously lowers it.So important is your thyroid that everyone can do with giving it a little bit of help and tlc! For some people this will transform their whole existence. Through good food, great nutrition and precise exercise we work on building everyone’s thyroid up naturally. We want to restore it back to as close to its best function as possible. The results are truly amazing not just in how you feel mentally and physically but how you look and the amazing weight and shape you can get back to. So if you are struggling with your weight, energy, health and your general zest for life then let us turn back the clock for you. You have everything to gain and nothing to lose!Contact System 10 todayBridget: 086 7877 616Martina: 086 3846 302We are the only weight loss plan Worldwide that precisely combines the 3 keys – diet, exercise and metabolism correction for your easiest and best weight loss ever. © Copyright 2012 David McDonagh. Creator of System 10 Weight Loss.IS YOUR THYROID KILLING YOUR WEIGHT LOSS AND ENERGY was last modified: August 31st, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Gardai are hunting a man who slashed another man in an attack in Letterkenny in the early hours of this morning.The victim, a 30-year-old man, was attacked on the town’s Main Street, just before 3.30am.The man was rushed to Letterkenny University Hospital but his injuries are not understood to be life-threatening. Gardai are trying to determine the motive for the vicious attack.Anybody who may have witnessed the attack or has any information is asked to contact Letterkenny Garda Station on 0749167100.Investigation launched after man is knifed in Letterkenny was last modified: July 3rd, 2018 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Gardailetterkennystabbing
Insulating Low-Slope Residential RoofsGreen Basics: Insulation ChoicesGreen Basics: RoofsSpraying Polyurethane Foam Over an Existing Roof Roofing With Foam From Building Science Corp.: Moisture-Safe Unvented Wood Roof Systems Combine blown fiber insulation with rigid insulation“In Atlanta even an inch or two of exterior rigid polyiso or 3 in. of rigid high-density rigid rock wool panels would be enough dew point control to allow you to blow the joists full of cellulose,” Dana Dorsett replies. “Alternatively, 2 in. of closed cell foam on the underside of the roof deck would be sufficiently protective to fill the rest with blown fiberglass.”Only one of West’s four options makes sense to Dana Dorsett, and that’s a slightly modified No. 4.Instead of using rigid extruded polystyrene insulation, however, Dorsett suggests polyisocyanurate, a greener choice, or 2 in. of closed-cell polyurethane foam with the rest of the roof cavity filled with cellulose. Spray foam roofing could even be used on the top of the roof deck as long as it was finished with a UV-resistant coating. That, Dorsett says, would some money in upfront costs and eventual roofing replacement costs. “Mopping on new UV-resistant goop every 15-25 years is a lot easier and cheaper than re-roofing with membranes or composite asphalt solutions,” he says. (For more information on the use of spray foam as roofing, see Spraying Polyurethane Foam Over an Existing Roof and Roofing With Foam.)Dorsett would avoid all of the other options, either because they use batt insulation or because of the global warming potential of the XPS foam. Our expert’s opinionWe have comments from two experts, GBA technical director Peter Yost and also Brett Dillon, managing director of IBS Advisors of San Antonio, Texas.First, Peter Yost:I hate to draw this line in the sand, but I have just seen too many air leaks and related moisture problems with can lights in unvented roof assemblies: if you must have them, install them in a dropped soffit or ceiling so that the cans and all wiring are NOT within the roof assembly proper.Atlanta is a real challenge: significant moisture drive during both heating and cooling seasons, and what I recall as an average of 54 inches of rain annually. Better get those unvented roof assemblies details right.I asked Brett Dillon to weigh in on this question for three reasons: he knows his building science cold, he works in lots of different climates, and — being from the Southwest — he deals with flat roofs all the time.Here’s Brett:Here’s what I have from an architect friend in the Atlanta area, including construction cost to frame the roof:Built-up roof, $6-$11 per s.f.Single-ply membrane, $7-$11 per s.f.Closed-cell spray polyurethane roofing foam, 1.5 to 2 in. thick, $6-$12 per s.f.Standing seam metal roof, $9-$15 per s.f.Vegetated roof system with growing medium and root barrier, $110-$120 per s.f.These roofing materials are approved for a 1/4:12 (2%) slope. Asphalt roll roofing isn’t supposed to go on anything with less than 1:12 slope, so I didn’t include it.I’ll be honest — I think low-slope roofs are a really bad idea in the Southeast where we get huge amounts of rain at once, especially Atlanta. I’ve worked on projects that have used the built-up roof, single-ply membrane, and the vegetated roof systems. They all had failures within four years.The vegetated roof system had to be re-engineered during design to support the weight of saturated growing medium plus plants and furniture. That added to the cost, plus it had open-cell spray foam under the deck, tapered polyisocyanurate foam board above the deck, a single-ply membrane, a root barrier, growing medium and furniture platforms, and plants. It still leaked over time.Nothing fixes a flat roof like making it a 2:12 slope! And then there’s this whole flat roof thingTo James Morgan, the central question is why use a flat roof in the first place. It may be nothing more than architectural artifice.“In 1933 a group of European architects took a cruise around the Mediterranean and decided the whitewashed flat-roofed parapet-walled village buildings they saw there should be the model for a ‘rational’ style of architecture applicable anywhere, in any climate and in any culture, whatever local indigenous, traditional building wisdom may tell us to the contrary,” Morgan writes. “We have suffered the consequences ever since.“Which is my way of saying, why not put a ‘real’ roof on your projects?” he continues. Morgan suggests a roof with “climate-appropriate overhangs and roof pitches designed to actually and reliably protect the vulnerable structure below. Oh, and by the way, there are many better ways to light artwork than ceiling cans. As any decent contemporary art gallery can attest.”“Does holding up a few bad examples justify maligning an entire genre of architecture?” West replies. “One can find examples of bad design and lack of appropriate maintenance across all periods and styles. I’m sure I could send you dozens of photographs of the same issues with traditional homes. Once you go over one-story in height, most normally sized overhangs don’t provide that much protection to the lower floors anyway. How often does the rain fall perfectly vertically?” Among West’s questions are:What option provides the best R-value for the money?Does the use of closed-cell spray foam under the roof sheathing make it harder to track leaks in the future?“Any help in assessing these options and especially in comparing real-world costs wold be greatly appreciated,” West writes. That’s the topic for this Q&A Spotlight. First, lose the can lightsWhat jumps out at GBA senior editor Martin Holladay first is West’s use of recessed lighting in the ceiling below the roof deck.“It’s too bad that you (as an architect) don’t have the ability — either the persuasive power or the judgment — to insist that an insulated ceiling have zero recessed can lights,” Holladay says. “If the can lights are there, it clearly makes no sense whatsoever to depend on fluffy insulation (either fiberglass or cellulose) sitting on top of the ceiling drywall. All of those options should be taken off the table.”What’s left, he adds, are using spray-foam insulation on the underside of the roof sheathing or rigid foam on top of the roof sheathing. Holladay informed West that these options were discussed in a recent GBA article, Insulating Low-Slope Residential Roofs.West is aware of the energy shortcomings of recessed lighting fixtures, but they seem to come with the territory, he tells Holladay.“I try to limit the number of recessed cans as much as possible and use many fewer than most architects I know,” he says, “but the reality is that people that want a modern home tend to also value having wall art and they want to light it appropriately and there’s no other decent/affordable way to do that except with recessed can products.”Besides, he adds, most of the scenarios he proposes include spray-foam insulation on the underside of the roof sheathing, an air and thermal barrier that would not be compromised by the light fixtures. RELATED ARTICLES Most of the houses that Atlanta architect Scott West designs are contemporary, and they typically come with flat roofs. Construction often consists of 12-in. deep I-joists or open-web 2×4 trusses capped with oriented strand board (OSB) sheathing. Roofs are unvented, and the use of recessed can lights is probably unavoidable.The most common options for insulating these roofs, West writes in a post at GreenBuildingAdvisor’s Q&A forum, would include:Over the roof sheathing, add an additional layer of OSB installed on tapered 2x furring strips to slope the surface of the roof to drains, and then insulate with R-30 fiberglass batts between the rafters. “Not particularly smart or green in any way,” he says, “and requires extensive air-sealing, but as with most things, the most-common way is most affordable.”Place 4 in. of XPS rigid insulation on top of the deck and 4 in. of closed-cell foam on the underside of the deck for a total R-value of about 44.Place 4 in. of XPS rigid insulation on top of the decking, 2 in. of closed cell foam under the deck as an air barrier and then add R-30 batts for a total R-value of about 62.Skip the XPS above the deck and use sloped decking as in the first option, then use 2 in. of closed-cell foam and fill out the remaining 10 in. of the roof cavity with dense-packed cellulose for a total R-value of about 47.